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Ampere’s law in Curl Form or Curl B and Stokes’ Theorem

Consider a region in which there is steady flow of charge. The current density J in this region remains constant, i.e., the current density J does not change with time. However its value may vary from place to place.

The total current enclosed by the path
            I = ∫x J. da                                … (1)
 Here, d a = n da is small element of area at the point of current density J inside the closed path. n is unit vector normal to elementary area da. Now from Ampere’s law in circuital form, the line integral of the magnetic induction B around the closed path is
       
    ϕ = B. dl = μ0 x current enclosed by the path = μ0 I
        = μ0 ∫s J . da                                    … (2)

But from Stoke’s theorem
        Φ B.dl = ∫x  curl B . da                                … (3)

Comparing Eqs. (2) and (3), we get
        ∫x  curl B . da = μ0  ∫s J. da
or    ∫x  (curl B – μ0 J) . da = 0
As the surface is arbitrary, we have
    Curl B - μ0 J = 0
        Curl B = μ0


Ampere law in Curl Form

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