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Man And Society

Wearer part of society when we share in comprehensive arrangements for living with one another rand foe managing the environment. The simplest societies are the primitive bands who to this day live in jungles and deserts, and on isolated mountains and beaches around the globe. The most complex technological societies bind the world’s cities together as part of an evolution that, barring catastrophe, is forming a planetary society of mankind.

Whether primitive or civilized, all societies must cope with the parallel problems that are generated by the urgencies of human nature and the necessities of a common life. Arrangements are made for kinship and procreation; for safety health and comfort, for producing and consuming commodities and services. Arrangements also develop latent ability into sophisticated skills of communication, body movement, and environment management. Government, law, and politic seek to resolve conflicting demands than tarries within and among communities. Societies differ from one another the degree that they encourage specialization. In the simplest societies everybody does everythin, with expectations that are closely linked to differences of sex and age. On the other hand, may tribes use professional specialists, such as warriors, medicine men, blacksmiths, potters, weaver,, musicians, and carver.

The world that we call civilized appeared with the invention of writing. One way to bring out the degrees of likeness and differences among societies, whether primitive or civilized, is to compare the priorities that are given to intstituaitoans of the same kind. Besides allocating priorities, every society strikes a immediate enjoyment of every value.

In civilized societies reliance on the results of early education is heavily supplemented by government, law and politics. The legal system is made up of several sets of authoritative and controlling prescriptions. One set is constiturive.It prescribes “ho decides what and how:” how centralizes or decentralizes formal and effective power, and it distributes power among agencies and groups. Regulation defines the degree of protection given o the fundamental institutions of exert sectored of societty.Tradition alleges that the legal order is blind to values and practices that lie outside the established beliers, faiths andlotalties (ideologies) of the society with which it is involved. IN consequence, legal systems may defend widely different balances between value accumulation and enjoyment, and haply contrasting patters of equality and inequality in the sharing of political power wealth, respect, or ant other value. The legal order mat protect economic systems whose structures are capitalistic, socialistic, or cooperative; family systems that permit one or more members of the sexes to marry and rise children; religious faiths that exalt monotheism and polytheism; and so one thought the infinite variety of human practices.

A legal system is stabilized when the effective elements in society perceive themselves as relatively better off by continuing the system than by adopting better off by continuing the system that by adopting alternative arrangements. To some extent, a legal order may exhibit cyclical fluctuations as when deviations are tolerated within limits, which exceed generated reform activities that restore than former position with little change. In a capitalist economy “creeping monopoly” may invade trade unions, employers’ associations. And natural resources and industrial enteprises.In a socialist economy,” black market” may introduce “creeping competition”. In either race, the cyclical movements may restore the original relationship before they have lithely stabilized a structure innovation, or prepared the way for a violent revolutionary change. If this view is correct that world-wide interdependence is increasing, the traditional blindfold of legal systems must be put said along enough to give explicit consideration to competing value foals and practices around the globe. Interdependence implies, whether they like it or not, the members of an emerging planetary society must take one another into account. Being taken into account implies that beliefs, faiths and loyalties, as well as overt behaviors, are to be better informed about the social environment creates and enormous opportunity and responsibility of those who study and runt he society.

Social scientists are continually under pressure to provide the map of the past and probable future impact of the forces that shape society. They are, for instance, asked to explain the causes forward or other forms of violence and to suggest strategies that leads to “victory” in a specific conflict or to show how war itself may be eliminated as and instrument of public policy.

Social scientists are asked for explanations of why an levels of employment and unemployment. Specialists are expected to discover the sources of alienation that separate young and old or threaten the unity of a family, a school or a political party or a national state. The study of social institutions is sometimes affected by diverging norms of professional responsibility. No conflict need arise if a social scientist is personally committed to a line of research that happens to be or guilt is felt if the findings are applied by current decision markers.

In recent times, professional opinion has emphasized the importance of obtaining shared participation in the pursuit of knowledge. Many investigators willingly accept the challenge of cultivating group demand for a project and for a hand in data gathering and analysis. At every stage, arrangements are made for laymen to work side by side with professional sociologists, social psychologists, political scientist and other investigators.

The role of man in society is given in brief, although the modern activities of the society are also given in the essay along with what the man is expected to contribute for efficient running of the society.