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Qualities of a Leader

Some of the qualities of effective leader are :

1.    Intelligence :

Leaders should have higher level of intelligence than average people. Intelligence is generally expressed as mental ability to think scientifically and analyze accurately the problems arising before a person.

2. Physical features:

Physical features and level of maturity determine personality of a person and hence an important   factor in success of leadership.

3. Maturity:

A leader should have high emotional stability and cool temperament. He needs high degree of tolerance. He should also welcome ideas of other people and have a sense of social maturity.

4. Vision and foresight:

Vision and foresight, that is, being able to articulate future is the quality of good leader. A leader should be able to state concretely, what success will look like and how their organization will get there.

5. Motivation:

 A leader must understand what motivates people. Simple, but too often ignored           motivators include; praise (tell folds they’ve done a hob well- it is hard to overdo this one), appreciation (a simple “thank you” will earn you respect), and recognition (awards, credit on a report, a letter of commendation).Learning to give positive feedback is crucial. Teambuilding exercises are great way to build enthusiasm and cooperation.

6. Acceptance of responsibility:

A realizable leader should shoulder the responsibility for the consequence of any step he takes. He should be aware of the duties and obligation of the position he holds.

7. Open mind:

A leader should absorb and adopt new ideas according to the situation. He should be preparing to accommodate others’ viewpoints and alter his decision, if necessary.

8. Self-confidence:

A good leader should have confidence whenever he initiates any course of action. Self-confidence is essential to motivate the followers and boost their morale.

9. Human relations attitude:

A successful leader always tries to develop social understanding with other people. He is constantly busy achieving voluntary cooperation of the followers.

10. Empower:

An effective leader must be able to empower others. He should teach people how to accomplish a task-and not do it for them (even if he can do it faster or better).Leader should tell people what he expects from them, give them the tools they need to succeed, and then get out of their way . He should learn to listen; nothing is more empowering than being heard.

11. Trustworthy and honest:

A leader must be trustworthy and honest. No one will follow a dishonest or unfair leader with enthusiasm. Actions speak much louder than words.

12. Risks:

Leaders must be willing to take risks. If they do things the way they’ve always been doing, they will always get what they had before. Leaders should also reward risk-taking in others.

13. Focus and follow-through:

A leader should be able to focus and follow through. This involves setting priorities and doing what he says he will. Knowing what to do and then doing it (or delegating it to some one who will make it happen
) is a critical leadership trait.

14. Humor:

The ability to laugh at one demonstrates self-knowledge and is the easiest way to bring others along with him. Humor is a great tension breaker but, inappropriate if used to belittle someone.

15. Non-coercive influence:

Though leaders can influence the behavior of subordinates by offering rewards and penalties for good and bad behavior, good leaders normally use non-coercive influence to achieve individual and organizational goals.

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