Monosaccharides Of Biological Importance

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Monosaccharides of biological Importance

Glucose, fructose, mannose, galactose, xylulose, and ribose are monosaccharides of biological importance. Of these, glucose and fructose are most abundant in nature but others are usually found in combination with others sugars or biological compounds. Glucose and mannose are epimeric forms and differ from each other with respect to carbon atom 4. 





Glucose and fructose sugars

Haworth formulas

Some of these configuration are presented in Haworth and Fischer projections.


Fischer projection    


pentoses arabinose ribose xylose


Naturally occurring pentoses are arabinose, ribose and xylose, and all of which are aldoses.

Arabinose Ribose


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