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The United Nations- Objectives And Principles

The Charter of the United Nations was signed by 50 nations at San Francisco on June 26, 1945. Its preamble expresses the common aims of the peoples of the members of the United Nations and their determination to save humanity from the scourge of war.


The objectives of the United Nations are set forth in Article 1 of the Charter:

1.    To maintain international peace and security.
2.    To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights
        and self-determination of people.
3.    To cooperate in solving international problems of an economic, social or humanitarian
       character and in the promotion of aspects of human peace, fundamental freedoms for all.
4.    To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.


 To fulfill the objectives for which it was established, the United Nations acts in accordance with the following principles as set for in Article 2 of the Charter.

1.    The organization is based on the principle of sovereign equality of allots members.
2.    All members hall fulfill in good faith the obligations they assumed under the Charter.
3.    They shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means.
4.    They shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force in any manner inconsistent with the objectives of the United Nations.
5.    They shall give the United Nations every assistance in any action it takes in accordance with the Chatter, and to refrain to give any assistance to any state against which the UN is taking preventive or enforcement action.
6.    The noted Nation is to ensure that non-members act in accordance with these principles so far is necessary for maintaining international peace and security.
7.    The UN shall not intervene in matters essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any State. This provision shall not however, prejudice the application of any enforcement action with respect threats to the peace, breaches of peace and acts of aggression.

Atlantic Charter:

On 14th  August 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States and Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom, meeting somewhere are sea, issued a joint declaration in which they set forth “ certain common principles in the national policies of tidier respective countries” on which they bases their hopes for a better future for the wordlist he document known as the Atlantic Character, the two signatories stated that “after the final destruction of final tyranny, they hope to see established a peace which will afford to all nations the means of dwelling in safety within their own boundaries. This will afford assurance that the entire minims all the lands mat live our lives in freedom form fear and want.”

The first concrete step towards the creation of the United Nations was taken in the late summer of 1944 at a mansion known as Dumbarton Oaks in Washington DC.In this place from August 21 to September 28, 1944, conversations were held betweentherepresentatives of the USSR , the UK and the USA, in the second phase form September 29 to October 7, Conversations were held between the representatives of China, the UK, and the USA. This arrangement served to respect USSR neutrality in the war against Japan.